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美国超重-星舰首飞分析及对中国航天产业发展启示与建议

SpaceX heavy-lift Starship:Implications and recommendations for the development of China's aerospace industry

来源:国家预印本平台
中文摘要英文摘要

重复使用运载器研制是航天发展的不懈追求,美国太空探索技术公司两级完全重复使用运载器“超重-星舰”实现首次发射,发射阶段圆满,后续飞行失控后执行自毁程序。本文介绍了超重-星舰的首飞情况与方案演进,根据超重-星舰总体方案反演分析其应用模式,梳理了超重-星舰的核心关键技术,总结了超重-星舰对航天产业的影响,最后给出了超重-星舰对中国航天发展的启示与建议。

Abstract: The development of reusable launch vehicles has been a relentless pursuit in the field of aerospace engineering. The maiden launch of the fully reusable two-stage heavy-lift Starship by the U.S. company SpaceX was successfully completed in its initial stages, but the subsequent flight experienced a loss of control and ultimately self-destructed. This article presents an overview of the heavy-lift Starship's maiden flight and its evolutionary design, analyzes its application modes based on the overall scheme, identifies the core critical technologies involved, and summarizes the impact of the heavy-lift Starship on the aerospace industry. Finally, it provides insights and recommendations for the development of China's aerospace industry in light of the heavy-lift Starship's achievements.

孟光刘昶杨冬春周城宏周华

上海交通大学,上海航天技术研究院上海宇航系统工程研究所上海宇航系统工程研究所北京跟踪与通信技术研究所上海宇航系统工程研究所

10.12383/202304210004V1

航天技术

超重-星舰;中国航天;SpaceX

heavy-lift Starship;China's aerospace;SpaceX

孟光,刘昶,杨冬春,周城宏,周华.美国超重-星舰首飞分析及对中国航天产业发展启示与建议[EB/OL].(2023-04-21)[2023-12-11].https://coaa.istic.ac.cn/preprint/3600464.点此复制

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