Abstract: The development of reusable launch vehicles has been a relentless pursuit in the field of aerospace engineering. The maiden launch of the fully reusable two-stage heavy-lift Starship by the U.S. company SpaceX was successfully completed in its initial stages, but the subsequent flight experienced a loss of control and ultimately self-destructed. This article presents an overview of the heavy-lift Starship's maiden flight and its evolutionary design, analyzes its application modes based on the overall scheme, identifies the core critical technologies involved, and summarizes the impact of the heavy-lift Starship on the aerospace industry. Finally, it provides insights and recommendations for the development of China's aerospace industry in light of the heavy-lift Starship's achievements.
heavy-lift Starship;China's aerospace;SpaceX